How Long Do Hummingbirds Live

how long do hummingbirds live

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Hummingbirds are one of the most captivating creatures in the animal kingdom. They are small, colorful, and fast – making them a popular topic for bird watchers and nature enthusiasts. But how long do hummingbirds live? This is a question that many people are curious about. In this blog post, we will explore the lifespan of hummingbirds and some of the factors that can affect them. So, read on to learn more about these tiny wonders!

How Long Do Hummingbirds Live?

Hummingbirds can live up to 5 years in the wild, but this varies depending on species and habitat. The average lifespan for male hummingbirds is slightly longer than female hummingbirds, with males typically living 2-3 years longer on average.

Banded rufous hummingbird (Selasphorus Rufus) has been known to live as long as 5.9 years, while female broad-tailed hummingbirds (Selasphorus Platycercus) have been recorded living up to 3 to 4 years. Ruby-throated hummingbirds (Archilochus colubris), which are the most common species of hummingbird in North America, usually live between 4 and 8 years. A Banded ruby-throated hummingbird may even survive over 10 years in the wild.

how long do hummingbirds live

Learn More: 6 Best Hummingbird Feeders To Keep Bees Away

Factors Affecting Hummingbird Longevity

A variety of factors can affect the lifespan of hummingbirds, including their diet, habitat and environment, nesting behavior, and predators. Most hummingbirds survive on a diet comprised primarily of sugary nectar from flowers, supplemented with small insects and spiders for additional protein. They are also very active birds, which helps them to stay healthy and fit but also increases their risk of predation.

Nesting behavior is another factor that can influence a hummingbird’s lifespan; female hummingbirds often build hummingbird nests on branches or other precarious spots where they could easily be disturbed by bad weather or predators. In addition, the size and number of a hummingbird’s eggs can influence its lifespan, with smaller hummingbird eggs generally resulting in shorter lifespans.

Common Causes Of Death In Hummingbirds

The most common causes of death for hummingbirds are predation and starvation. During the breeding season, many species of hummingbirds may travel great distances and use up a lot of energy doing so, leaving them at risk for starvation if they cannot find enough food sources to sustain them during their journey.

Predation is also a major factor when it comes to mortality rates among hummingbirds; hawks, cats, and other birds of prey can easily target these tiny birds as they flit around looking for food or nesting spots.

Learn More: What Is The Best Bee-Proof Hummingbird Feeder?

Tips For Ensuring The Maximum Lifespan Of Hummingbirds

Hummingbird enthusiasts can help to ensure the maximum possible lifespan of their beloved birds by providing an adequate food and water source, as well as a safe environment for nesting.

During the breeding season, extra sugary nectar should be provided to supplement their diet, and any potential predators should be removed from the area. Hummingbirds should also be monitored for signs of illness or injury; if any are spotted, then immediate veterinary care should be sought out to prevent further complications.

how long do hummingbirds live

How To Identify An Older Hummingbird?

Identifying an older hummingbird can sometimes be difficult due to its small size and rapid flight patterns. However, there are some clues you can use to tell if a hummingbird is getting old. Older hummingbirds tend to be less active and can often be found resting in shrubs or trees for extended periods.

Additionally, their feathers may start to look dull or worn out and they may have difficulty flying long distances due to decreased stamina. Finally, if a hummingbird seems unusually weak or lethargic, then it is likely an indication that the bird is older and should be monitored closely for any changes in behavior.

Learn More: What Is The Best Hummingbird Feeder? (To Attract Hummingbirds To Your Backyard)

How Habitat And Climate Affect The Lifespan Of Hummingbirds?

The lifespan of hummingbirds can also be affected by the habitat they live in and the climate they experience. Hummingbirds that inhabit colder climates tend to have shorter lifespans due to the limited food sources available during winter months, while those living in more temperate zones may have longer lifespans because their diet is not as restricted.

The availability of nesting spots and shelter can also play a role in determining how long hummingbirds live; habitats with plentiful vegetation or artificial structures provide ample cover for these birds to nest and roost safely. Additionally, areas with less predatory activity will likely result in longer lifespans for hummingbirds, since they are at a lower risk of predation.

Finally, the availability of clean water sources is essential for hummingbird survival; any area with limited or contaminated water sources can drastically decrease their chances for long life.

Learn More: How To Clean Hummingbird Feeder

Natural Predators That Impact The Lifespan Of Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds are preyed upon by a variety of birds and animals, including hawks, falcons, kestrels, owls, snakes, and cats. Additionally, some species of spiders have been known to catch hummingbirds in their webs as well.

These predators can significantly reduce the lifespan of hummingbirds if they are not kept away or monitored carefully; however, it is important to note that most predation occurs during the migration season when food sources become scarce and birds become more vulnerable due to exhaustion.

Thus, ensuring an adequate amount of food and shelter for hummingbirds during this time can help increase their chances of survival.

Learn More: When To Change My Hummingbird Feeder


In conclusion, the lifespan of hummingbirds can vary greatly depending on a variety of factors such as diet, habitat, climate, and predation. Nevertheless, providing an adequate food source and a safe environment for nesting can help ensure that these birds live long, healthy lives.

Additionally, recognizing signs of aging in your hummingbird can help you keep them well-monitored and provide timely medical care if necessary. Finally, reducing potential sources of predation will also go a long way toward extending the lifespan of these beautiful creatures. With proper care and attention, it is possible to maximize the lifespan of hummingbirds so they may continue to bring beauty and joy into our lives for many years to come.

Dawn Caffrey

Dawn Caffrey

Hummingbirds just make me happy - in fact, I read somewhere that they represent happiness in Native American totems.
Let me tell you what I found about feeders from treating the hummingbirds in my back yard.

About Me

Hummingbirds just make me happy – in fact, I read somewhere that they represent happiness in Native American totems.
Let me tell you what I found about feeders from treating the hummingbirds in my back yard.

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